"She spins threads, winds them into a ball. And those threads are not ordinary, but magic. From them human life is woven - from the string (birth) to the very last one (death)." So describes Makosh - the oldest Slavic deity "Book of Kolyada". Who is this Great Goddess? What role is assigned to her in the Slavic pantheon of deities? Let's find out these questions in the following material.
Goddess Makosh: who is she?
The name of the divine Mokos is believed to be formed in two words:
- Ma - means "mother"
- And Kosh - that is, "fate."
It turns out that Makosh acts as the Goddess of all Human Fate, she also plays the role of the Great Mother, the goddess of fertility in the pagan pantheon. It comes the wife of the Great God Veles, who, along with other Light Deities, supports the World created by Rod and Svarog in constant motion.
Makosh (or Makosh) - the oldest of the goddesses, spinning human destinies. She sits high in the heavenly palaces, and her two assistants, Share and Nedolya, are sitting next to her. Together, they spin the thread of fate that binds a person and the fruits of his efforts, both good and bad.
To make it clearer, pokuta is what unites the beginning of any business with its end, cause and effect, creation with the creator, intention with the result.
All the secrets of human destinies are known to Mokos; she also has information about past lives and subsequent incarnations. Life and death are equally obedient to her. She is also the goddess of magic, sorcery, the mistress of intersections between different worlds.
But that is not all. In addition, the Divine Mother performs the following functions:
- provides its protection to female fertility, motherhood;
- attracts good harvest and high income;
- helps in any female activities (spinning, needlework);
- gives its protection and protection to all housewives and wives.
If the Goddess has not thrown a good look at the farm, then you can not count on a generous harvest, or on high profits, family income.
Our ancestors Slavs worshiped Makosha as the Mistress of Wildlife every full moon.
But Makosh is a feminine deity, therefore it is characterized by variability - it attracts both good and bad events to a person’s life. Grants mercy and reward only to those who have a strong spirit, actively fighting for their place under the sun. And lazy people - do not complain at all and will not give them their help and support.
It helps to find solutions even in the most seemingly hopeless situations. The main thing is that a person does not despair, does not lose faith, and continues to move on without changing his goal. Watching this, Makosha sends Srecha to him, who is the goddess of happiness and good luck. Srecha comes and renders his help.
But in those cases when an individual is disappointed in everything, he descends, betrays his dream and waves his hand at everything - one should not count on divine support. The outcast will be led through life by terrible old women: Likh One-Eyed, Curved, Rough, Week, Nesreche to the place where Karna and Jelly cry over the graves of people.
Mokosh has one important task - to control the observance of rituals, customs. Those who adhere to the traditions of the family, worship ancient rituals, she bestows her mercy. Eastern Slavs placed figures of the goddess, made of wood, on the wells. She also received offerings in the form of cloth, tow, yarn and wool.
Mokos has his messengers among sentient beings. They are bees, spiders and ants - the largest insect workers. That is why, if you saw a spider in your home - do not be afraid, and in no case should not kill him. So you scare away good luck.
If the spider crawled into your house, then it should be carefully caught and thrown into the street. The same applies to bees and ants.
When a bumblebee or a bee flies through a window, some kind of event is announced that concerns Mokos. Our ancestors believed that the first bumblebee caught in the spring will certainly bring great luck to life for the next twelve months.
The insect was wrapped in a scarf or a rag, so that it buzzed a little there, and then released into the wild. Rag for some time retained a delicate aroma of honey and pollen. She was considered a talisman who was kept in her home for good luck. Interesting, but this custom has survived to this day. And now in some villages Rodnovers perform it.
With the advent of Christianity, the face of Mokosh began to be associated with Paraskeva Friday. After all, Friday is the sacred day of the goddess. Many of the fair sex praying Mokosh, read Friday more Sunday. However, the church looked at the mix of Christian and pagan rituals very negatively. After reading Stoglav, we learn that all the rituals associated with Friday are called “godless”.
How to depict the goddess Makosh the Slavs
Many images of the Great Mother in Russian embroidery have survived. Most often, it is embroidered or painted in the middle of two elk Rozhanits. But they can also depict the goddess as a female figure with raised hands, with which she holds the Horn of Veles (known as the Horn of Plenty) and the Bird.
On the face are also often present the Goddesses-the Pancakes:
- Share - whose right hand is raised to the top;
- Nedolya - holds his left hand raised.
She is also depicted a sheaf with ears of corn (which symbolizes the harvest), the celestial cow Zemun (who is the nurse of the gods and is the mother of Veles), a magic spinning wheel. There may be other images.
Further we will get acquainted with the main characteristics of a deity:
- its day is Friday;
- metal - silver;
- mineral - rock crystal or moonstone;
- and the beast is a cat.
As we already know, the day of the week of this deity is Friday. It was on the fifth day that it was recommended to create charms with its symbol. It is important that the moon grows or there is a full moon.
Previously, during the days of our distant forefathers on Fridays, women could not do their homework: hide, weave, sew, because on this day Rokos makes all of these actions on her own. Girls in the position were forbidden to comb their curls.
In addition, beliefs say that washing is not allowed under the ban, bathing yourself and your little ones. It was impossible to leave the tow overnight - they believed that Makosh at night would otpryadёt her. The Slavs tried to adhere to these rules, because they believed that otherwise they would face various problems, illnesses and misfortunes.
They themselves sought to win over the goddess. To this end, she wore gifts to the temple or threw yarn and tow into the well. And if someone managed to achieve divine grace, then such a lucky woman would get a completely even spun thread.
The official holiday of Mokos is considered October 28. However, in different sources, this date varies from October 26 to November 10-14.
Still, revered Slavic goddess Makosh, the representatives of the fair sex were engaged in weaving wreaths on the new moon, lit bonfires and prayed to send them good luck and love in their marriage.
On the day of the goddess, ritual dances were led. Moreover, the dances were distinguished by their peculiarity: they had two rings twisting on opposite sides. The external turned on the movement of the sun or clockwise (it symbolized life), and the internal turned against (acted as a symbol of death).
Mokos Day means that winter will come soon. After him, women begin to engage in their traditional winter work: yarn, weaving, sewing and embroidery.
Symbol of the Goddess
The Great Mother has her amulet. According to the properties, it definitely fits more than the female half of the population than the male. Initially, the talisman was intended only for women, although sometimes it was also used by farmers to increase fertility.
Who else could receive power from Makoshin sign?
- Our ancestors embroidered Slavic symbol Mokos on the clothes of little girls.
- The young girls, who had not yet had time to meet their soul mate, also honored the deity, asking her to give a quick meeting with her betrothed and to ensure a happy married life.
- And married ladies used the talisman of the Slavic goddess, wanting to secure an easy birth, improve family life, filling the relationship with positive emotions.
And for today you can quite get for yourself this symbol. It is suitable for all females. You can present it to your little daughter to protect from negative energy and any misfortunes. Such a gift to an unmarried girl helps to attract a constricted person, and also makes her an excellent hostess.
Being pregnant, women wear a talisman to alleviate their situation, and also so that the baby is born healthy and in due time. Since Makosh is considered to be the goddess of female magic, her symbol will be useful for all girls who are interested in occult knowledge, dream of improving their sixth sense.
And even if you just can not understand why you came to this world - the amulet will help clarify this issue.
Speaking about the meaning of the symbol of Mokos, it is possible to draw an analogy with the sowed field, when everything is already prepared for harvesting, but you just need to make a little effort to obtain the necessary. 4 parts of this field are associated with the four natural elements and the main components of man (as the Slavs believed) - that is, Conscience, Spirit, Soul and Body.
To summarize the topic:
- Makosh is the Slavic goddess of Destiny, magic, harvest, patronizes women.
- Her ancestors revered every Friday.
- Amulet Mokoshi - reliable support for the female.
At the end of the proposed thematic video: