I have been studying the Psalter for a long time - books that contain psalms or hymns. As a rule, they are written by King David. I know that each psalm expresses the feelings and emotions that the psalmist lived while writing them. Ever since Old Testament times, psalms have been used in worship services. However, this does not mean that you can read the psalter just like a regular book. For this there is a certain liturgical charter - Typicon. Today I will tell you what prayers need to be offered before reading the Psalter.
As already mentioned, the Psalter consists of psalms and hymns. Psalms are praise prayers of praise. Hymns are odes with a religious theme, handed down from generation to generation and transmitting official messages to the church.
The Psalter has been composed for 800 years, it includes more than 80 psalms, authored by King David. In addition to him, Moses, Solomon, as well as lesser-known writers wrote psalms for psalter. There are 150 psalms in total; the 151st is devoted to the main author himself. In the original, the Psalter was written in Hebrew, but over time was translated into more than 70 languages. Cyril and Methodius, well-known to the Russian man, worked on the Slavic translation of this book. It was back in the 9th century, and the Psalter was printed for the first time in Krakow in 1491.
This book quickly spread throughout Russia, it could be seen in churches, services, and in the homes of ordinary people. The latter used it, rather, as a family book - she brought up, edified, children learned to read from it.
In the very first version of the Psalter was divided into five parts, nowadays there are already twenty.
King David, practically the author of the Psalter, is a revered biblical hero. There is hardly a person who would not read about his victory over the giant Goliath. Known from the same and other military exploits. Being then king of Israel, he will glorify Jerusalem, which will make the capital, declaring this city a symbol of the unity of the Jews.
David had a son — Solomon — a very wise man, and by this he was glorified. The son was born in sin - David was attracted to the wife of a warrior, and, wanting to get her, he sent her husband to certain death. The reckoning overtook David, and he continued to pay for his sin to the last breath: he lost two sons and a daughter, and his state was always at war. Deep repentance is reflected in the Psalm of the 50th Psalter. In it, he prays for cleansing from a terrible sin, claiming that his heart has long been humble.
When read the Psalms?
For a deeply religious Christian, the Psalter is the most basic book of the Old Testament. In worship, it was used in apostolic times, approximately in the 1st century AD. uh, at the time when the disciples preached Christ. Apostolic times are gone with the death of John the Theologian, the last of the apostles, in the 100th century AD.
The Psalter remained, this is for Orthodox Christians a source of prayers, both evening and morning. It needs to be read every day when worship is held, in the morning or in the evening. During the week you need to read it all, during the period of Lent - twice a week. However, not only in the services you can read this book. It can be read at any time when a person feels the need for this — when some misfortune, despair, temptation, or, on the contrary, unexpected joy or happiness, has befallen. Each psalm in the Psalms is words of consolation, instruction, comfort, support.
Any person, even an unknowing in religion, can be carried away by this book for its beautiful syllable, depth of thought, vitality.
Tips for beginners
With all the desire to quickly read this book, nothing will come of it. Here, it will be necessary to grasp and ponder over every written word, perhaps returning to the same passage several times. Those who are just starting their acquaintance with the Psalter can give the following tips:
- First of all, you need to prepare the space - light a candle. This is mandatory in cases where the Psalter will be read at home. Fire is obligatory, without it it is impossible. The only thing when you can do without this is if the person is on the road.
- Read the texts should be out loud, but not loud. Such reading facilitates the auditory perception of words. It is very important to understand what is being read.
- It is equally important to withstand the stress in words correctly; if this is not done, the meaning of words, and, consequently, sentences, can be distorted to the impossible. This should not be allowed.
- In the process of reading, it is allowed to sit, but there are places where you have to stand up - this is the beginning and the end.
- In order to understand how to correctly read the prayers before the Psalms, you can listen to them in the recording on any medium.
- While reading, it is important to observe monotony, this is how all Orthodox prayers are read, even at worship services in churches. The expression should not be present, as in the reading of fiction. In this case, it is considered a great sin.
- If the meaning is impossible to comprehend in full, there is nothing to worry about. Do not worry, but you need to continue reading. If you want to be sure to find out what it is about in this or that text, you can ask about the interpretation of the father, knowledgeable people.
- Before reading the Psalms, certain prayers are always read.
- Before you begin reading, you need to ask the blessing of the priest. This is necessary if a person is ready to take some kind of prayer rule or make a vow. If he simply wants to read psalms, then one can do without blessings. Then it will be, rather, reading the book of wisdom.
Reading at home
To read the Psalter correctly at home, you must:
- Be sure to first read the necessary prayers.
- The structure of the Psalms includes 20 kafizm, they in turn are divided into 3 parts Glories. When reading comes to Slavs, you need to remember to remember the dead and the living.
- After Kathisma necessarily go on tropari and prayers.
- When reading ends, you also need to read a few kafizm.
- No need to be afraid of mistakes, especially at first - the beginner can not be a virtuoso, you need to try, learn and in the end everything will turn out. If a person is sincere during a prayer, it enlivens any prayer and smooths out many mistakes.
- The more often the Psalter is read, the deeper meaning can be found in the psalms and hymns in it.
- The Psalter can not be read the entire period from Great Thursday to St. Thomas Week (antipaskhi). It is not read at this time, not only at home, but also in temples. The exception is when a person dies, you can read the hymnal at any time.
- For the departed, it is better to use the liturgical version of the Psalter with the designation Kafizm. In Glory, be sure to mention that prayer for peace. According to the deceased, only relatives can read. If you do it right, the psalms are read standing up to the funeral. Relatives should replace each other, it is allowed to be interrupted only for a requiem. It is desirable for another 40 days after the burial to read psalms, so the soul will be forgiven in peace and go to God. If you read for the rest, then the soul of the deceased will be cleansed from sins and eternal rest will be granted to her.
- If the reading goes for health, then it is mentioned in Glory.
- If there is a desire to teach a child to read the hymnal, then it is best to do it from early childhood. At first, he will simply listen, getting used to the somewhat unusual sound of speech. It is necessary to consistently explain to him the meaning of certain concepts and words. When he stops listening carefully, reading should stop.
- You can arrange a group readings, for this write down the names of the participants to mention all in prayer.
Prayers before reading the Psalter
Reading this book is always preceded by reading individual prayers, these include:
- Prayer to the Holy Spirit.
- Trisagion is an Orthodox prayer, which is considered common to the beginning of church worship.
- Prayer of the Holy Trinity.
- Lord's Prayer.
- Tropari this (voice 6).
All these prayers are called ancestral. It is believed that if they are read before an akathist, this will have a beneficial effect on the person praying.
- When sacred texts are read by worshipers at divine services, they acquire a special meaning: it is no longer just a prayer (as if an ordinary person reads it), but a sermon with some divine power.
- The priest during the reading period has a powerful force that protects people from temptations, evil spirits. Reading the Psalter in the church is continuous - after a certain time the monks change each other.
- Consent to reading the Psalter received by the monastery is a generous gift. Not every monastery has the right to arrange services with such readings, this is considered a special privilege.
- The Psalter is undoubtedly a benefit for all: both those who read it themselves and those who simply listen to others.
- The Psalter is the main book of Christians.
- Each person can read the Psalter.
- Reading should be subject to certain rules.
- Prayers are obligatory before reading psalms.
- The Psalter is read in the church and at home.